Diabetic retinopathy is a complication caused by diabetes. Excessively high blood sugar levels damage the retina’s blood vessels, so they leak, swell, or completely close down. In severe cases, new and abnormal blood vessels develop. Treatment for diabetic retinopathy includes surgery, laser treatments, and medications.
What Is NPDR?
NPDR stands for “non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy,” which is the first and milder stage of the condition. In NPDR, the blood vessels leak and cause the retina to swell. The second and more severe stage is called “proliferative diabetic retinopathy” or PDR. In PDR, new blood vessels appear in the retina.
Treatment for diabetic retinopathy in Jacksonville, FL, will depend on the stage and severity of the patient’s symptoms.
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?
A patient with mild diabetic retinopathy may have no or mild symptoms. As the disease progresses, they may start seeing floaters or dark spots in their field of vision. Their color vision will eventually fade, and they may see empty or dark areas in their field of vision. The patient’s vision can fluctuate or blur. If they don’t get treatment, they could lose their sight altogether.
Are There Risk Factors?
Yes. A patient with diabetes has a greater risk of developing diabetic retinopathy if their blood sugar levels aren’t controlled and if they have had diabetes for a long time. High cholesterol, high blood pressure, and pregnancy all increase the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. Smoking also increases the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
Contact Florida Eye Specialists – Southside or visit floridaeyespecialists.com to learn more about diabetic retinopathy treatment in Jacksonville, FL.