Over a million Americans suffer from diabetes. Sadly, diabetes is an all-consuming disease that targets several parts of the body. One may suffer kidney or heart damage. Likewise, the eyes are very vulnerable to the effects of diabetes.
Understanding Diabetic Retinopathy
Many patients develop diabetic retinopathy. Contributing factors include smoking, uncontrolled diabetes, age, and hypertension. It’s always best if patients get early Diabetic Eye Disease Treatment in Cincinnati OH. There are three stages of diabetic retinopathy. In the first stage, blood vessels weaken and fluid starts leaking into the eye. Patients may not require treatment. Rather, they will return for regular check-ups.
In the second stage, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, new blood vessels start to grow. Physicians will attempt to stabilize the growth. The last stage is known as macular edema. This stage requires intense treatment because the patient’s central vision is affected. Diabetic retinopathy can progress until the patient is totally blind.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include blurred and double vision. Patients may also see flashes, black spots, and floaters. Doctors use the latest imaging equipment for Diabetic Eye Disease Treatment in Cincinnati OH. Angio OCT Imaging and Fundus autofluorescence photography are two of the main tests used. Angio OCT is a new procedure that allows doctors to make early diagnoses of diabetic retinopathy.
Doctors begin intensive treatment when patients experience macular edema. Studies show that patients in the stage are more likely to lose their sight. Laser treatments may be used to stop the growth of new blood vessels. Further, injections are used to ease swelling and get rid of leaky blood vessels. Vitreous humor is the gel-like fluid in the eyes. This fluid may mix with blood and worsen a person’s vision. Doctors perform a procedure called a vitrectomy to remove this fluid.
Diabetics should get regular eye exams so doctors can catch any problems early. Further, it’s crucial to keep blood glucose levels low. Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet. Additionally, smokers should stop smoking now. Maintaining low cholesterol levels is also important for good eye health. If you’re concerned about your eyes, visit Harper’s Point Eye Associates.
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